Oncology is the diagnostic treatment of cancer. The word is derived from Greek word which means “bulk” or a “mass” which thereby refers to a cancerous or a tumorous mass. Perhaps the most important aspect in oncology is the diagnosis. Early diagnosis has been proven to save lives in cancer patients. Cancers in their early stages are relatively curable. The earlier you’re diagnosed with deadly disease, the greater your chances of recovering. There are several methods in diagnosing cancer. Biopsy (excisional and incisional ); endoscopy (gastrointestinal, bronchoscopy, nasendoscopy); CT scanning, MRI scanning, X-rays, ultrasound and other radiological techniques like single photon emision computed tomography, scintigraphy and other methods of the nuclear medicine such as blood tests and tumor markers. These modalities are usually found in Catalyst Oncology Malaysia labs.
Therapy depends entirely on the nature of the tumor. Certain tumors requires an immediate admission and chemotherapy while others may require more follow-up examinations and blood tests. Catalyst Oncology Malaysia laboratories offer these services.
More often than not, oncologists suggest to surgically remove the tumor entirely. But this is only possible if there is a certain degree of likelyhood that the tumor can be removed. When some parts of the cancer should remain, a curative surgery is often impossible. So when the cancer has spread out to some parts where surgery could not reach or operating in such areas could endanger the patient’s life, surgery is not recommended at all. But there are instances where surgery can improve a person’s survival even though not all tumor tissue have been removed, this process is called debulking. It reduces the amount of tumor tissue.
Palliative care includes treatment of cancer patients using radical methods. Approximately 50% can be treated in the case remission, in pediatric patients the percentage is even much higher. A good number of cancer persons dies from the disease but a certain number of incurable cancer patients die from other causes.
There are lot of questions, concerns, and issues surrounding cancer. Some of these ethical questions may include certain concerns about what to tell the patient regarding the disease, withdrawal of an active treatment, resuscitation orders, etc. A certain level of sensitivity and responsibility is needed in addressing these issues, something that the Oncology Malaysia team must take into careful consideration.
A great amount of research goes into the study of cancer. Oncology Malaysia is a constantly changing field. There are always new treatments, new tests that can detect the disease in its early stages. So to learn more of the any type of cancer and the treatments available for you, visit a catalyst Oncology Malaysia laboratory for some advanced diagnostic tests and procedures.
In Malaysia, the oncologists are divided into two categories – the clinical and the medical oncologist. The only major difference between the two is that the medical oncologist cannot perform radiotherapy, the other one can. But this difference is nonexistent in the West and the two terms mean the same thing. However the cancer patient is not only dealt by the oncologist but many other specialists belonging to other disciplines.