There are many cancer treatment options available to Malaysians who are suffering from cancer. What will be discussed in these articles though are the most common ones. So if you are interested in knowing about different cancer treatment Malaysia options, then you will find the following paragraphs very informative.

 

Surgery

Surgery is usually the first line of treatment done for cancer patients in Malaysia. This type of treatment is usually done by the consultant surgeon. Basically, there are two types of surgeries that are performed on cancer patients: radical surgery and palliative surgery. The first one involves the complete removal of the cancerous tumor, including surrounding tissues, while the second one is performed when a complete removal of the tumor is not possible. Palliative surgery is done mainly to relieve symptoms so that the patient will feel better. After surgery, patients are referred to oncologists or cancer experts to determine the next steps to take.

Chemotherapy

Another popular cancer treatment Malaysia that you should know is chemotherapy. This involves the use of drugs that fight cancer mainly through intravenous means. This is a systemic form of treatment designed to kill cancer cells in the body. Chemotherapy usually involves three or more drugs that are called regimens. These regimens are usually delivered in cycles. The frequency of deliver between cycles can range from one to four weeks. The break allows patients to recover from the side effects of chemotherapy drugs. Speaking of side effects, chemotherapy are known to have several. These include: hair loss, nausea, general weakness and diarrhea. Some rare side effects include damage to internal organs such as the heart, lungs and kidneys. Side effects occur because chemotherapy drugs do not discriminate between cancer cells and normal cells. Patients should be aware of the possible side effects of chemotherapy before undergoing treatment.

Radiotherapy

Cancer patients in Malaysia can also resort to radiotherapy. This involves the use of radiation or X-rays to the part of the body that has cancer to kill the cancer cells. Radiation is usually given in high dosage for a series of treatments that last from six to eight weeks. There is also a treatment called adjuvant radiotherapy which is a type of radiotherapy that is given to patients after the main treatment such as surgery. Palliative radiotherapy is another form of radiotherapy that is given to patients to relieve the symptoms of cancer. Radiotherapy is a painless form of cancer treatment and a treatment only lasts between 15 to 30 minutes. Like chemotherapy, however, this form of treatment also has its side effects. These include temporary side effects such as fatigue, skin redness, loss of appetite, diarrhea, nausea and sore throat. There are also permanent side effects that include menopause, sterility and dryness of mouth. Patients should be informed of these side effects before undergoing treatment.

These are just some of the popular and common cancer therapy Malaysia options. Proper diagnosis by a qualified physician is needed before determining what kind of treatment is appropriate for a particular patient.